HTML tags are like keywords which defines that how web browser will format and display the content. With the help of tags, a web browser can distinguish between an HTML content and a simple content. HTML tags contain three main parts: opening tag, content and closing tag. But some HTML tags are not closed tags.


  • All HTML tags must enclosed within < > these brackets.
  • Every tag in HTML perform different tasks.
  • If you have used an open tag <tag>, then you must use a close tag </tag> (except some tags)


<tag> content </tag>

HTML Tag Examples

Note: HTML Tags are always written in lowercase letters. The basic HTML tags are given below:

<p> Paragraph Tag </p>

<h2> Heading Tag </h2>

<b> Bold Tag </b>

<i> Italic Tag </i>

<u> Underline Tag</u>

Unclosed HTML Tags

Some HTML tags are not closed, for example br and hr.

<br> Tag: br stands for break line, it breaks the line of the code.

<hr> Tag: hr stands for Horizontal Rule. This tag is used to put a line across the webpage

HTML Meta Tags

<!DOCTYPE>, <title>, <link>, <meta> and <style>

HTML Text Tags

<p>, <h1>, <h2>, <h3>, <h4>, <h5>, <h6>, <strong>, <span> <div><em>, <abbr>, <acronym>, <address>, <bdo>, <blockquote>, <cite>, <q>, <code>, <ins>, <del>, <dfn>, <kbd>, <pre>, <samp>, <var> and <br>

HTML Link Tags

<a> and <base>

HTML Image Tags

<img>, <area>, <map>, <param> and <object>

HTML List Tags

<ul>, <ol>, <li>, <dl>, <dt> and <dd>

HTML Table Tags

<table>, <tr>, <td>, <th>, <tbody>, <thead>, <tfoot>, <col>, <colgroup> and <caption>

HTML Form Tags

<form>, <input>, <textarea>, <select>, <option>, <optgroup>, <button>, <label>, <fieldset> and <legend>

HTML Scripting Tags

<script> and <noscript>

HTML has a opening and closing tag but not all of the tags has closing tags. HTML is the standard for creating web pages. HTML tags are always written in lowercase.

Note: that practice makes perfect, the more you play around with the HTML tags the more you become familiar with them. We will use the above tags in the upcoming lession.


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